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Ventricular Ectopy

[vc_row inner_container=”true” no_margin=”true” padding_top=”0px” padding_bottom=”0px” border=”none”][vc_column width=”1/1″][custom_headline type=”center” level=”h1″ looks_like=”h3″ accent=”true” style=”margin-bottom:0;”]Ventricular Ectopy[/custom_headline][gap size=”1.5em”][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row inner_container=”true” no_margin=”true” padding_top=”0px” padding_bottom=”0px” border=”none”][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_row_inner no_margin=”true” padding_top=”0px” padding_bottom=”0px” border=”none”][vc_column_inner width=”1/1″][text_output]Ectopic heartbeats are small changes in an otherwise normal heartbeat that lead to extra or skipped heartbeats. They often occur without a clear cause and are most often harmless.
The two most common types of ectopic heartbeats are:[/text_output][icon_list style=”margin: 0 0 20px 20px; padding:0;”][icon_list_item type=”check”]Premature ventricular contractions (PVC)[/icon_list_item][icon_list_item type=”check”]Premature atrial contractions (PAC)[/icon_list_item][/icon_list][text_output]
Causes
Sometimes ectopic heartbeats are seen with:
[/text_output][icon_list style=”margin: 0 0 20px 20px; padding:0;”][icon_list_item type=”check”]Changes in the blood, such as a low potassium level (hypokalemia)[/icon_list_item][icon_list_item type=”check”]Decrease in blood supply to the heart[/icon_list_item][icon_list_item type=”check”]Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy)[/icon_list_item][/icon_list][text_output]
Ectopic beats may be caused or made worse by smoking, alcohol use, caffeine, medications such as stimulants, and some illicit drugs.
Ectopic heartbeats are rare in children without heart disease that was present at birth (congenital). Most extra heartbeats in children are premature atrial contractions (PACs), which are almost always harmless.
In adults, ectopic heartbeats are common. They are most often due to PACs or PVCs. Their causes should be investigated, although usually no treatment is needed. Symptoms
Symptoms include:
[/text_output][icon_list style=”margin: 0 0 20px 20px; padding:0;”][icon_list_item type=”check”]Feeling your heart beat (palpitations) [/icon_list_item][icon_list_item type=”check”]Feeling like your heart stopped or skipped a beat[/icon_list_item][icon_list_item type=”check”]Feeling of occasional, forceful beats[/icon_list_item][/icon_list][text_output]
Note: There may be no symptoms.

Exams and Tests
A physical examination may show an occasional uneven pulse. If the ectopic heartbeats do not occur very often, your doctor may not find them during a physical exam.
Blood pressure is usually normal.
The following tests may be done:
[/text_output][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][icon_list style=”margin: 0 0 20px 20px; padding:0;”][icon_list_item type=”check”]Continuous ambulatory cardiac monitoring (Holter monitor, patient-activated recording device, or implanted loop recorder)[/icon_list_item][icon_list_item type=”check”]Coronary angiography[/icon_list_item][icon_list_item type=”check”]ECG[/icon_list_item][icon_list_item type=”check”]Echocardiogram[/icon_list_item][/icon_list][image type=”none” float=”none” info=”none” info_place=”top” info_trigger=”hover” src=”1728″][text_output] Treatment
Limiting caffeine, alcohol, and tobacco may reduce the risk and frequency of ectopic heartbeats in certain people. Exercise often helps people who are inactive.
Most ectopic heartbeats do not need to be treated. The condition is only treated if your symptoms are severe or if the extra beats occur very often.
The cause of the heartbeats, if discovered, may also need to be treated.

Outlook (Prognosis)
Sometimes, ectopic heartbeats may mean you are at increased risk for other serious abnormal heart rhythms, such as ventricular tachycardia. When to Contact a Medical Professional
Call your health care provider if:
[/text_output][icon_list style=”margin: 0 0 20px 20px; padding:0;”][icon_list_item type=”check”]You keep feeling the sensation of your heart pounding or racing (palpitations)[/icon_list_item][icon_list_item type=”check”]You have palpitations with chest pain or other symptoms[/icon_list_item][icon_list_item type=”check”]You have this condition and your symptoms get worse or do not improve with treatment[/icon_list_item][/icon_list][text_output]Content Resource: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001100.htm
Content Resource: http://www.skills4nurses.com/index.cgi?article+157[/text_output][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row no_margin=”true” padding_top=”0px” padding_bottom=”0px” border=”none”][vc_column width=”1/1″][gap size=”5em”][/vc_column][/vc_row]